CAN-485G
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CAN-485G

 RS485/422 Light-isolated ultra-long-range driver

      RS485 interfaces are widely used in the communication between a lot of devices. Such differential signal can improve the anti-jamming performance and the communications distance of system. But in practice, short circuit often happens witch is caused by the outputting of opposite polarity signals from more than two RS485 node at the same time. This will damage interfaces. In addition, the communication distance of RS485 interfaces can only reach 1.2 km. Repeaters should be added if the distance is longer. The CAN-485G light-isolated ultra-long-range driver witch is developed by Fourstar completely solve the problems above. We use the CAN (Controller Aera Network) bus technology witch does not change the RS485/422 communication protocol to extend the RS485/422 communication distance to 10 km, and solve the power need of using repeater in field. can ensure it suits for all the RS485/RS422 software without changing the original software.

Technical details:
1, optical isolated voltage: 1000 VDC (up to 3000 VDC, a statement is  required when ordering)
2, Power: external 5 V, 1W DC power supply
3, communication distance: 10 km (4800bps), 5km (9600bps), 2km (38400bps), 600m (115200bps)
4, communication rate: a maximum 230 kbps, the Baud rate is automatically adaptive without setting
5, communication protocol: Using half-duplex CAN bus without change the original RS485/422 protocol (software)
6, the network nodes: can compose the multi-machine communication network
with 110 nodes

7, transmission lines: twisted pair witch is 0.75 mm2 above, the cross-sectional area of twisted pair should be more than 1.5 mm2 and the capacitance between line should be less than 60 pf / m when
the length of lines are more than 1km
8, interface protection:
CAN port: Anti-lightning and anti-surge protection, repeatability surge capacity: Ipp = 100A (10/700us, 4KV)
standards: ITU-TK20/21, VDE 0433.
RS232 port: surge protection.
Power port: 500W TVS anti-lightning protection, anti-polarity of power protection.
9, Dimensions: 85 × 55 × 25
10, installation: installation of 35 mm standard rail and  bolt hole
11, Weight: 100g
12, the working temperature: -20 ~ 75 ℃
13, the humidity: 0 to 90%

How it works:
      As shown, the RS485/422 signal of the equipment convert into TTL level through RS485/422 interface circuit.  the equipment will not receive the signal witch is sent by its own and the CAN signal witch is output by CAN bus driver after photoelectric isolation. The working power of this product can be provided by the equipment or obtained separately from external. Isolated power modules are used in the internal of the product, the signal and power is isolated to ensure the safety of anti-jamming performance of the system.


Products’ shape and definition of terminal signals:

 

Definition of connection terminal signal

 CAN terminal(left)

RS485/422 terminal(right)

Signal-name

description

Signal-name

description

CANH

CAN high

D+

RS485 signal positive

CANL

CAN low

D-

RS485 signal negative

CANH

CAN high

TXD+

RS422 signal sending positive

CANL

CAN low

TXD-

RS422 signal sending negative

SG

Signal ground

RXD+

RS422 signal receiving positive

FG

Shield ground

RXD-

RS422 signal receiving negative

 

Not be used

+5V

External connect 5V power supply anode

 

Not be used

GND

Power ground(RS485 signal ground)

      Description: The two pairs of CANH and CANL terminal is to facilitate the connection with bus in networking. The use of RS422 or RS485 doesn’t need  switch or jumper choice because this product will automatically identify.

The link of CAN-485G and the RS485/422 interface of equipment:
      Connect send with receive, receive with sent, positive with positive and negative with negative.

How to use:
1, RS485/422 point-to-point communication

 

2, RS485/422 multi-machine communication

       CAN-485G can realize the multi-machine communication network witch is composed of 110 RS485/422 nodes; the largest communication range is 10 km (4800bps). The address of each node is determined by the procedures in the equipment.

 

description

1, The cut-off size of communication lines is often overlooked by the users. Because the CAN receiver’s effective level (0.8 V) is higher than the RS485 receiver’s (0.2 V), the requirement of communication lines’ cross-sectional area is high. And farther the communication distance is, the greater the cross-sectional area should be. The twisted pair best be the one whose impedance is 120 Ohm, and the capacitance between line is less than 60 pf / m. The following table is the twisted pair’s minimum cross-sectional area of different communication distance:

Communication distance(km)

2

5

10

Cross-sectional area of twisted pair (mm2)

1.0

1.5

2.0

      These are the cross-sectional areas of communication lines witch are required by the Fourstar’s CAN interface product with unique driven-enhanced circuit. The communications lines’ cross-sectional area may be doubled from the table values as for other companies’ CAN interface products.

2, When use shielded twisted pair, please connect the shield to the "FG" terminal of CAN-485G, and to land finally.

3, The cable’s length of CAN-485G to bus(extension) cannot be more than 15 m, otherwise they will have echoes, affecting the normal communication of system. Of course, there will be no extension problem if you use two pairs of CANH, CANL video for connection as the map showing.

4, For the setting of terminal resistance, the role of terminal resistance is to eliminate the waveform distortion caused by the reflection of signal in the communication lines. Please turn the termination resistor setting switch K witch is on the CAN-485G of the communication line’s terminal and start to "R" (connect 120 Ohm terminal resistance), the terminal resistance setting switch K of other CAN-485G to "OFF" (terminal resistance is unacceptable).

5, The second-line half-duplex communication way is used in this product, the address of node is determined by the equipment’s memory. The programming method is completely same with second-line half-duplex RS485. CAN bus controller agreement is not used.